MVP Sustainability Map



Sustainability Grade




Sustainable Population

64.7 %

Contraception Use


Species Threatened

1.26 %

Population Growth

$ 51,693

GDP Per Capita

Country Comments

Australia is currently sustainable based on population and consumption levels however a 2017 study published in the journal Nature found the country has the second fastest biodiversity loss in the world(1). Additionally the IUCN in 2020 downgraded the iconic Great Barrier reef to "critical" status from "concerned" due to warming waters and ocean acidification impacting marine life.

The country currently has below replacement level fertility, however its population has been growing in large part due to immigration which has been averaging 200,000 immigrants annually the past decade, making up approximately 2/3 of its annual popualtion growth. A political party called Sustainable Australia is looking to lower the country’s annual permanent immigration program from the current levels to 70,000 and reduce development and pressure on the environment.

(1) Anthony Waldron et Al Journal Nature Oct 25,2017