MVP Sustainability Map
GDP Per Capita
Ustill; License CC BY-SA 3.0 de; Image https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Livestock-%28over-%29grazing_Peolonnes_Greece_Ziege.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
Kritzolina; License CC BY-SA 4.0; Image https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fishing_boat_off_the_coast_of_Naxos.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
Copyright © 2004 Mai-Linh Doan; License CC-BY-SA-3.0; Image https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Greek_costumes_children_DSC04313.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
Greece has three times more people than its country’s renewable resources can support based on its current consumption and economic activity. Fortunately Greece has seen a population decline of roughly 8% since 2004 attributed to both a low fertility rate of 1.3 children per mother and in recent years emigration accounting for approximately 30% of its annual population decline. Greece introduced baby bonuses in 2020 to combat this declining population trend.
Unfortunately incentivizing population growth will only further the downward trend in biodiversity for the country. This trend is mainly associated with the loss of natural habitats, their structural and functional degradation, pollution and disturbance. The main causes of loss of biodiversity in Greece are related to past and current policies relating to land use, agriculture, fisheries, forest use, transport, tourism and production and consumption patterns. (1)