Morocco has approximately three times more citizens than can be sustainably supported. With a fertility rate of 3 children per woman at the turn of the century, this rate has declined to approximately 2.5 children today. Additionally the country has seen steady emigration of approximately two million total citizens over the past two decades. At the same time its population increased by eight million.
Morocco’s human activity has denuded much of the landscape of natural vegetation and large animals. Water scarcity and poor soil conservation have led to soil erosion and desertification.
The Population Reference Bureau reported Morocco has been a success story in expanding its family planning services throughout the country, closing gaps in modern contraceptive use among women in rural and urban areas, with different levels of education and with different levels of household wealth. As a result Morocco has one of the highest rates of modern contraception use in the region.