MVP Sustainability Map



Sustainability Grade




Sustainable Population

82.2 %

Contraception Use


Species Threatened

0.59 %

Population Growth

$ 67,390

GDP Per Capita

Country Comments

Norway has one of the lowest population densities among OECD Member countries and possesses some of the most extensive tracts of wilderness in Europe as reported by the OECD. (1)

The country also has a sustainable population based on the current consumption level of its citizens. Norway has had below replacement fertility for over four decades. However population growth continues to increase every year by approximately 40,000 to 50,000 new citizens. Approximately 70% of this population growth is due to immigration. Even with a population level that is sustainable with its natural resource availability, there is tremendous pressure on the environment for extracting and exporting goods and energy for ever growing numbers of people outside its country.

The Norwegian government continues to promote an aggressive strategy of oil exploration for its prosperity. Additionally with an annual catch of around 2.5 to 3 million tonnes, Norway is one of the world's largest exporters of seafood. And yet centuries of fishing have severely depleted fish stocks among species that were once the mainstays of the Norwegian economy. It's fair to say that Norwegians usually view the critical depletion of fish stocks in Norwegian waters as much through the prism of economic self-interest as they do a strictly environmental concern. This apparent contradiction between good environmental citizen and major producer of fossil fuels goes to the heart of Norway's relationship with its environment. (2)